Teen pregnancies have always been an important issue for young adolescent females. This issue is important due to the risks of complications associated with early age pregnancies. There are some factors that play into teen pregnancy. Known factors that contribute to the rise in teen pregnancies is the absence of education for sexually active teens. Many teens do not have education on important topics like birth control, condoms, and plan B. Some teens do not have resources available to them that they can talk to about their questions. It is important to assess a teenager’s knowledge about sex and sexuality (“Risk and Protective factors”,n.d.). If the parent is with them, it is always good to ask if the patient would like privacy to discuss the topic.
It is believed certain situations such as family poverty, having parents who had children before age 20, single parent homes, early sexual activity, and use of alcohol and drugs play into teen pregnancies. In the state of Texas, the rate of teenage pregnancies has subtly decreased over the span of the past 10 years. In 2011, 27% of teens under the age of 18 experienced a pregnancy. Currently, it has dropped to 26% (“Total and Population”, n.d.).
“Power to Decide” is an organization designated to helping educate teens on their ways to prevent pregnancy so that they can ensure their future is all about them. In the event the teenager is pregnant, there are other resources to help aid during their time of need. “Brightright” is available 24/7 for pregnant teens. They also have a hot line teens can call if needed. Resources for teen pregnancy is important since most teens are likely to not seek medical attention early on due to emberassment or fear of telling their family. Which in turn puts them at risk for pregnancy complications like high blood pressure, eclampsia, and pre-term birth.
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