this paper is a case study. By its very nature, it’s more of a persuasive analysis rather than a ”report.” Make a
specific set of claims or arguments. Then develop and argue for a point of view. Write on the connection
between communication and sport in a critical way.
focus on how qatar keeps journalists from getting word out to the world on how they treat their workers and
how many have died due to construction being rushed
another point to make is why people outside are putting in more an effort to strip qatar of this privilege and
give it to someone more worthy and prepared to take on the job as host country for the 2020 world cup
lastly, fifa’s reported opinions on the matter and how they are dealing with things
School of Recreation, Health, and Tourism
CO-AUTHORED SPORT COMMUNICATION CASE STUDY/PROJECT
Intent. This is a key assignment for this course. Your scholarly essay must be centered in a social science/recreation/leisure studies/sport management-based context addressing some aspect of the interplay of sport and communication.
Mechanics. (1) Papers will be 10-20 double-spaced pages (12 point font; standard 1 inch top, bottom, and side margins) in length not including a cover page or References page. However, you should write to completely answer your question or address your argument rather than attempting to satisfy a particular length requirement. (2) Everything you turn in MUST be typed and double spaced. (3) Do LOTS of research. A minimum of FIVE scholarly references is required for your paper. You can go beyond 5 scholarly references if you like; find supporting materials in relevant journals, texts, and other sources that best help you to make your case. Use end notes (if needed) and a References list following the current edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. For a quick guide to APA, consult Diana Hacker s Pocket Style Manual. In additional to grammar assistance, she has a nice primer on APA style. Plus you can check out this website for a link to a sample APA-formatted paper: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Shaw-APA.pdf. (4) Remember the penalty for plagiarism! (5) The most important ingredient in making this a successful project is the amount of time you devote to it. GET BUSY!
This paper must be an original work. You may NOT recycle portions of previously-written manuscripts for other courses. Doing so represents an act of plagiarism.
General Topic Areas. See your syllabus. Your Brown and O Rourke (2003) Case Studies in Sport Communication text is an excellent site for ideas and inspiration. Plus you should consult your other assigned readings for inspiration. In addition, there is a wealth of communication-based sports activity reported in magazines and newspapers. It shouldn t be hard to find a cool subject. But if you are stuck, come talk to me. You will need to decide on your subject so you can generate a research question or thesis.
General Sections of the Paper:
Introduction/Justification/Thesis. Tell me what you are studying and why it is worthy of attention. You may want to provide some historical background on the subject. The final part of the introduction should contain your thesis statement: an argumentative claim or assertion that you make and are expected to justify.
Mini-Literature Review. Your literature review should do three things: a) identify the major published sources pertinent to your topic; b) describe them in terms of the perspective they provide on your topic; and c) evaluate the literature in terms of strengths and weaknesses. Search widely. Look at professional, scholarly journals in Sport Management, Recreation, Leisure Studies, History, Popular Culture, or anything else that is relevant. Especially given the topical nature of the assignment, it may find yourselves using popular sources (e.g., sports magazines, newspapers, credible internet sites) in your research; that s fine, as long as you try to stress the scholarly stuff. This section need not be exhaustive, but you should touch on some of the key lines of research issues that are related to your specific paper topic. Use this portion of the essay to lead into your body the analysis.
o Some of you may have taken PRLS 450 the research methods course. So you may be familiar with the term. Maybe some of you have written them in other classes. And for some, you may have no idea of what the term means. Keep in mind that the lit review will comprise a fairly small portion of your total page length requirement. According to Rubin, Rubin, and Piele (2000, p. 234): a literature review has two main purposes: to summarize research and to evaluate it. A lit review helps you to understand the current trends in thinking about your topic. Further, it gives you an idea of what types of research exist on your topic and lets you critically assess it.
o What I want you to do is called an exemplary lit review. In an exemplary or representative literature review, you (as writers) assume that your reader (yours truly) knows about the subject; you then present key references to reacquaint the reader with representative works that relate to the proposed paper. Key references are those that have directly influenced the paper being written. Such references will be cited and described as they relate to the topic, and will provide the reader with a starting point for further information.
o Again, you are writing stuff somewhere in the 10-20 page range, so adjust your discussion of key references judiciously. The goal is not to find and cite everything that s been written; it s to highlight significant research that has a bearing on what you re currently writing.
Analysis. Here is where you go about the business of advancing your argument. This is the major focus of your paper. It should NOT be an afterthought. Draw conclusions. Explain them. Justify them. Be careful in your thinking and be insightful. The idea here is to arrive at nonobvious conclusions. (Actually, THIS is where I expect to find the heart of the paper; consequently, the greatest amount of pages should be here.)
Conclusion. Reiterate your paper s central concern (overall thesis). Demonstrate what you intended to argue and show how you believe you made a credible and convincing case. You can offer any other fitting summary and final implications as well.
What to Consider for your Case Study
In the preface to Case Studies in Sport Communication, Robert Brown (2003, pp. vii-ix) wonders aloud why more people haven t studied sports from a communication-induced viewpoint. This is unfortunate, he notes, because sport is potentially the most influential, yet understudied, source of messages in society for many reasons. Brown offers six such justifications which may serve as an impetus for your own research: (1) viewers are more open to sport and its messages than to traditional sources where we tend to filter messages; (2) we truly enjoy sports, so much so that we ll sometimes go out of our way just to be able to watch an event; (3) sport is collectively reinforced and shared; (4) sports invites emotional engagement between the activity and viewers; (5) sport is perceived as real, not fake; and (6) sport is seen as having universal appeal and attractiveness. Since sport is pervasive and is a major social institution, it makes sense to look at the connection between sport and communication. As Brown (p. ix) concludes, your main textbook offers a wide array of communication-based studies that attempt to reveal just part of the impact sport might have on society at large. The book by no means represents all the possible approaches and topics related to sport but rather a sample of how we might seek to understand the influence of sport communication.
There it is: your papers are to examine how and in what ways communication is influenced by the enterprise of sport and/or vice versa! As Brown mentioned, your textbook only provides a broad sampling of the types of research conducted about sport and communication. Most of what you find in Case Studies in Sport Communication will resemble the type of scholarly works you read in book chapters and journal articles (e.g., clear thesis statements, headings/subheadings, evidence of argumentation and resultant proof, solid references throughout). Too, most of what you have falls into the category of qualitative research. That is, studies that feature content analysis and/or text/message/discourse criticism. Of course, one of the chapters you read was more quantitative the piece on the U. S. Open Men s and Women s Tennis Tournaments. You might remember the set of hypotheses, the methods section; the results section; and the authors discussion of the results. Unless you re especial
ly gifted at this sort of work, I d suggest that you go with the traditional, qualitative approach. It seems to be better suited for questions about discourse and message strategies.
Recall that we had other readings from the MediaSport text and other chapters found in the last page of the syllabus. Again, you may wish to consult these studies for guidance in how to proceed. But the bottom line is to recognize that you will be studying a small, researchable aspect of the huge sport/communication complex. What is something having to do with media, with gender, with race, with technology that is of interest to you that combines sport with an aspect of communication Keep in mind that you will be analyzing how sport is influenced by communication. So you may wish to look at a single sports figure from a communication perspective. Perhaps the media construction of a sports rivalry Maybe you are intrigued by sport celebrity scandals Regardless, it would seem that in these cases, you would need to place particular attention to the context which created your object of study (e.g., prior events, actions). As such, your paper will be more of a critical essay where you make certain assertions and claims and work to support them in a creative, compelling way. Among other things, you may wish to focus on written and spoken texts (by the individual or institution) and do an analysis. Such a paper would examine matters of personality, style, context, and effectiveness. Or you may wish to make an argument defending (or attacking) a sports celebrity or group. If so, you would probably be more concerned with social, sociological, or cultural matters. There are a number of ways you can go; but the crux of the assignment will be a study that addresses the concept of sports from communicationbased, influential perspective.
Finally, I am aware that you are Sport Management students at least the majority of you are. So while you are thinking through the communication aspects of a particular sports situation, consider what kind of perspective a Sport Management background brings to your study. Admittedly, such an orientation might well affect your outlook on this project as opposed to students of communication, history, business, or education. That s a good thing; admit to and live with your biases. Ultimately, this paper is ABOUT something. Take a stand. Passionately! Go into it with assumptions and beliefs and stand up for them as you make your case. As long as you have compelling scholarly evidence and eloquently make your case, we re good.