Answer To One Peer
February 17, 2018
End of Life Legal Issue
February 24, 2018

EU citizenship in Germany

Intro: Start with a brief introduction, where your choice of each variable is explained.
The dependent variable chosen for this quantitative assignment was ?You feel you are a citizen of the EU/QP6?; this variable had less than 5 response categories which allowed for concise information and data presentation. The country which will be focused on is Germany as it is a large European country with socio-economic diversity which allowed for a wide catchment of data. By choosing ?social class? for the independent variable, we aim to investigate whether there is a connection between the way Germans feel regarding citizenship of the EU based on which social class category they fall into. By recoding the social class categories into three categories: 1) upper and middle class 2) working class 3) other; it allowed for clearer representation of the values in the dependant variable. ?Bivariate cross-tabulations were conducted to test the frequencies from the data set of the dependant and independent variables, this allowed us to establish that a relationship exists between these two variables. To test the strength of this relationship, a control variable was chosen, ?higher education?. By conducting a multivariate cross-tabulation of the three variables, it was revealed that the relationship between the dependant and independent variables was positive.
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1. Begin by presenting your dependent variable as a graph (e.g. bar or pie chart)
discuss the percentage distribution (e.g. proportions of respondents agreeing or disagreeing with a statement
2. Then present your bivariate analysis, as a table.
Discuss what comes out of the bivariate analysis.
Show that there is a bivariate effect by reporting the margins of error in the text, but the significance calculations do not have to be reported in detail.

Table 1: Effect of class on the feeling of EU citizenship in Germany (percentages).
Yes def Yes to some ext No not really Not at all sum N
Upper & middle 50.4 33.6 12.5 3.5 100 423
Working 33.1 42.7 16.5 7.7 100 260
Other 43.5 34.0 15.9 6.6 100 958
Diff Up & mid – work 17.3 -9.1 -4.0 -4.2
Class effect is most evident among those that responded ?Yes, definitely?: 17.3
Class effect remains significant among ?Yes to some extent?.
For ?No not really? and ?Not at all?, class effect is not significant.

The margin of error for upper and middle class is 4.8; for working class it is 5.7. Combined, these add up to 10.5, which is inferior to 17.3. As such the two do not overlap, and we therefore see a significant class effect.

3. Then present and report the results from the multivariate table.
Remember that the main point of the multivariate analysis is to check whether the bivariate effect remains or not within the categories of the control variable.
The conclusions from the multivariate analysis should, where necessary, be based on significance tests (= margin of error?).
Again, however, you should not report the full significance calculations. Just indicate in the text, or with asterisks (*) in the table, which differences are significant.
Remember that, while graphs may be copied and pasted from SPSS, tables should not be. Tables should be neatly formatted; it is a good idea to do so directly in Word.

Table 2: Effect of class on the feeling of EU citizenship in Germany with control for education (percentages).

Yes def Yes to some ext No not really Not at all sum N
Upper & middle 50.4 33.6 12.5 3.5 100 423
Working 33.1 42.7 16.5 7.7 100 260
Other 43.5 34.0 15.9 6.6 100 958
Diff Up & mid – work 17.3 -9.1 -4.0 -4.2
No higher education
Yes def Yes to some ext No not really Not at all sum N
Upper & middle 41.6 38.0 15.8 4.5 100 221
Working 29.5 44.1 18.1 8.4 100 227
Other 39.2 35.6 18.0 7.2 100 762
Diff Up & mid – work 12.1* -6.1 -2.3 -3.9
Higher education
Yes def Yes to some ext No not really Not at all sum N
Upper & middle 59.9 28.7 8.9 2.5 100 202
Working 57.6 33.3 6.1 3.0 100 33
Other 60.2 28.1 7.7 4.1 100 196
Diff Up & mid – work 2.3 -4.6 2.8 -0.5
(The education effect is significant. The education effect is the control variable => because it?s significant as well as class, we can conclude that class effect is significant.)

There is a large difference in perception of EU citizenship based on those who responded ?Yes definitely? and have no higher education. Education effect here is significant: 12.1.
The rest is insignificant?

Round off with a conclusion. Try to be substantive and contextual here, going beyond mere repetition of the numbers and percentages. What are the implications of your findings? What does it tell us about voters in Germany in 2014? Base the discussion on your findings.

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