Empirical Research and Developmental Theory
January 17, 2020
electrolyte disturbance
January 17, 2020

A nurse is taking care of an 85-year-old woman in a hospital-based
skilled nursing facility. In the report, the nurse is told the patient
has not been breathing well for the past 2 days. She has been lethargic,
her skin is warm and dry, and she has a decreased urine output. The
following laboratory findings were returned from the laboratory
immediately after morning report:

  • Na: 147
  • Cl 110
  • K 4.0
  • Blood Gases:
  • pH 7.33
  • PCO2 48
  • HCO3 27
  • Po2 96
  • Urine:
  • Urine Specific Gravity 1.040

Address the following:

  1. Identify each of the abnormal laboratory findings in the above
    results. Specify how they differ from a normal range and identify what
    condition each abnormality indicates.
  2. What specific electrolyte disturbance does the patient have?
  3. What clinical manifestations would the nurse expect to see with this electrolyte abnormality presented above?
  4. If the patient had an increase in her potassium level, what clinical manifestations would the nurse monitor for?
  5. What blood gas abnormality is seen in this patient? Discuss the rationale for your answer.
  6. What are the three major mechanisms of pH regulation?

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment,
solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should
be presented using APA formatting guidelines,


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