January 17, 2020
Discuss among peers the effect of mercury in the human body
January 17, 2020

I need a response for these 2 peers

Peer 1 

Societal justice and critical reflection are the fundamental concepts
underlying community activism. The former refers to the unbiased
distribution of resources for a prolific and fulfilling lifestyle
(Reichlin et al., 2019). For instance, through campaigns and
demonstrations, nurses, practitioners and the general community would be
able to advocate the cause of providing adequate medical amenities.  

Critical reflection boosts one’s understanding of the resident
community’s issues (such as inadequate staffing) as well as those of
others across the globe. Through this approach, the management and staff
members would be able to devise long-term resolutions that ensure
adequate staffing in the present and future (Reichlin et al., 2019). For
example, pursuing suitable programs at academic institutions can steer
students in the direction of the healthcare industry.  

Paying attention and keeping up with the trends in the tobacco
industry is vital. This effort helps the advanced practice nurses to
engage in community activism for preventing the negative health impacts
associated with Big Tobacco in their respective societies (Salmond &
Echevarria, 2017). As a result, the nurses would be in a position to
enlighten the community members on addictiveness and diseases (such as
lung cancer) associated with the increased consumption of tobacco

Organizing programs to campaign against smoking is an essential
stratagem that would aid nurses in educating the public on why tobacco
control policy measures such as higher taxes are needed to ensure
reduced consumption. With this tactic, nurses could participate in
community activism to curb any further ill effects arising from the use
of Big Tobacco (Salmond & Echevarria, 2017). Moreover, holding
seminars that counsel smokers and non-smokers, especially the youth, to
remain vigilant against industry-instigated efforts would be essential
in discouraging the consumption of tobacco products. 

Peer 2 

Through schooling, training, and knowledge learned along the way,
Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioners (ARNPs) are equipped with the
necessary skillset and tools to assist members of the community have
improvement in their health outcomes. As key players in patient, ARNPs
play a vital role in community activism to bridge the gap in healthcare
disparities across different population groups and to improve the
community. Maryland & Gonzalez (2012) asserts that the vast “amount
of interactions that nurses have with patients leads to them personally
witnessing the positives and negatives of the current healthcare system
and consequently enable them to identify the needs of their patients by
the care or the lack of it they receive.” Due to their first-hand
interaction, nurses can advocate for their patients and their families
and convey their experiences to the public and policymakers to bring
about change in current health care policies (Maryland & Gonzalez,

According to Messias (2019), community activism entails the key
concepts of “community, social justice, raising consciousness, critical
reflection, praxis, and empowerment of members of the community.” With
each key concept comes certain actions on the part of the activist and
subsequent delineations of certain orders of events. Nurse Practitioners
can embody all the characteristics of community activism Messias
asserts to promote the overall health status of the community. According
to Messias (2019), community activism starts with an understanding of
the community, in which individuals must realize that they are part of a
larger group and share common interests in order to catalyze change.
Praxis entails the process of ideas and theories being made and
actualized, which consequently brings about unification—or division—of
members of the community. Praxis affects the practices and customs of
members of the community and affect the interaction of these
individuals. With social justice, the way individuals perceive justice
and what is right or wrong, affects the justice system and what
behaviors are viewed as deviant in the community.  

Raising consciousness and empowerment of members of the community are
vital to altering the status quo hopefully for the better but negative
impacts can ensue. Teaching members of the community that they have
rights can empower them to develop or defend them against lawmakers.
Shining light on certain issues, such as through protest and petition
with local or federal elected officials can bring about necessary
changes in the management of certain disease plaguing the community
(Mason, Gardner, Outlaw, & O’Grady, 2016). Empowerment is the
ultimate goal (Mason et al., 2016) as by doing so individuals in the
community will do what is necessary to improve their health on a
holistic level.  

Maryland & Gonzalez (2012) argues that nurses can make
significant influence in community activism on a multilevel approach.
Maryland & Gonzalez (2012) asserts that school nurses can attend
school board meetings to voice their personal viewpoint of the
ramifications of inadequate staffing to monitor the health of school
children. They are only equipped with the knowledge to voice this
opinion because of their personal experience with performing their
duties of providing basic healthcare to their patients (in this case,
school children). My daughter is a third grader at a local elementary
school. In a school of more than 800 students, there is only one nurse.
Imagine how difficult it is to provide care to these students during the
cold and flu season or any ordinary day for that matter. This stresses
the importance of community activism by nurses and advanced practice
nurses. The level of care they provide to their patient population is
affected by factors in the community so who is best to make the issues
known and advocate for and against them but nurses? Nurses, through
their inimitable experience with their patients, can bring to the
forefront issues that affect their patient and the community.
Policymakers should hold the voice of nurses in high-esteem prior to
making any changes that will affect individuals of a community.  

From a community activism approach, ARNPS can mitigate further
negative health impacts from Big Tobacco by bringing social awareness
and consciousness to the issue. Letting members of the community become
aware or reminded of the ramifications of smoking cigarettes or
consuming other tobacco products will greatly decrease the number of
individuals in the community that smoke or will smoke. Health fairs
broadcasting posters of individuals with lung cancer or tracheostomies
from cigarette smoking or oral cancers from chewing tobacco are one of
the ways that ARNPS can use community activism to help manage the
negative impact of Big Tobacco. On each healthcare visits, ARNPs need to
assess if their patients smoke and make them aware of the ramifications
in addition to offer smoking cessation counseling and education.
Empowerment is necessary to help individuals in the community to stop
because many of them have been smoking since childhood. Smoking is also a
way that many of these individuals cope and manage stress. Offering
them alternative coping measures is crucial to getting them to stop
smoking. Educating the community of the long-term risk of smoking, the
consumption, and second-hand smoking, is vital to deterring the use of
tobacco and promoting the overall health of the community. Mason et al.
(2016) states that tobacco usage and exposure is the foremost cause of
preventable death in the nation. This statement alone will serve to
remind individuals of the negative consequences of smoking and will lead
to many of them quitting. 

To conclude, advanced practice nurses play a rather significant role
in patient advocacy to improve the health outcomes of their patients.
Nurses can employ various teaching methodologies to assist their
patients improve their overall health. Tackling issues at the community
level can help nurses being awareness to issues that directly and
indirectly affect patients. Bringing awareness to certain issues, such
as the negative influence of Big Tobacco on the overall health of
individuals in a community, are one of the many ways that ARNPS can help
ameliorate the health status of the community. The ARNP can collaborate
with other members of the interdisciplinary team and elected officials
to maximize the impact of decreasing negative health issues in the

Response posts must be minimum 100 words each. Word document, double space. APA (6th) 

This the original work if you needed 

Describe the key concepts underlying community activism and give
examples of how each of these concepts applies to a specific context.
Examine how advanced practice nurses can engage in community activism to
limit further negative health impacts from Big Tobacco in their
respective health communities. 

Attached below is an additional resource, an article, that details
various ways by which nursing professionals can engage in community

Patient Advocacy and in the Community and Legislative Arena: http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Vol-17-2012/No1-Jan-2012/Advocacy-in-Community-and-Legislative-Arena.html?css=print 


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